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Creating a True Cross-Browser Drop Shadow Effect With CSS3 & SVG

css / shadows

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes, 26 seconds

Recently I discussed the drop-shadow filter, which is newly supported in Webkit. Firefox users saw the same effect in the article, even though the browser doesn’t yet support CSS filters.

That’s due to the fact that Firefox supports the older SVG version of the filter, from which the CSS3 version is derived. In this article I’m going to show you how to write the effect for all browsers, so you can achieve the benefits of a true, dynamic drop shadow for all elements.

Webkit

The CSS3 Webkit version first, as a refresher:

-webkit-filter: drop-shadow(12px 12px 7px rgba(0,0,0,0.5));

The syntax is very straightforward: the values for the filter represent, in order, horizontal offset, vertical offset, blur and the color of the shadow (given as an rgba value to create a realistic shadow against any background).

Firefox

Now the SVG version. You can either save this as a separate file (shadow.svg) or embed it on a web page. The code is as follows:

<svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
<filter id="drop-shadow">
<feGaussianBlur in="SourceAlpha" stdDeviation="2.2"/>
<feOffset dx="12" dy="12" result="offsetblur"/>
<feFlood flood-color="rgba(0,0,0,0.5)"/>
<feComposite in2="offsetblur" operator="in"/>
<feMerge>
<feMergeNode/>
<feMergeNode in="SourceGraphic"/>
</feMerge>
</filter>
</svg>

The SVG syntax is considerably more complex, and I’m not going to explain all of it here. The good news is that you only need to alter four values: stdDeviation is the amount of blur; dx is the horizontal offset and dy the vertical, with flood-color being the color of the shadow.

IE

Finally, the equivalent for Internet Explorer:

/* for IE 8 & 9 */
-ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Dropshadow(OffX=12, OffY=12, Color='#444')";
/* For IE 5.5 - 7 */
filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Dropshadow(OffX=12, OffY=12, 
Color='#444')";

You’ll find that the visual quality is not nearly as good in IE – and you do have to do some re-jiggering and testing to translate the CSS3/SVG values into legacy DX filters – but the dropshadow will appear at least appear in Internet Explorer.

Bringing It All Together

I’d suggest combining all these approaches as a class, as you’d usually want to apply the effect to more than one element on the same page… and naturally, you’d want all of the shadows on the page to fall in the same direction, to ensure a consistent visual appearance:

.shadowed {
-webkit-filter: drop-shadow(12px 12px 7px rgba(0,0,0,0.5));
filter: url(shadow.svg#drop-shadow);
-ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Dropshadow(OffX=12, OffY=12, 
Color='#444')";
filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Dropshadow(OffX=12, OffY=12, Color='#444')";
}

(If you embedded the SVG code directly on the page, you’d use just the id value: note that it matches the id on the SVG code sample).

That’s it! You can now apply the class to a transparent PNG or any other element to gain a true drop-shadow effect across modern browsers.

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