An annotated, updated HTML5 Template for your use, with a hat tip to Paul Irish’s HTML5 Boilerplate.
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
meta: sets the site to the correct width and scale in mobile browsers.
script: loads the latest stable version of JQuery from the Google CDN. (Note: you will need to include
http:at the start of the URL if you are testing the page locally. JQuery 2.0 drops support for IE 6,7, and 8: you should use a copy of 1.9 if backwards support is required.)
script: loads a local copy of JQuery from the
scriptsfolder of the site if the Google CDN fails to respond.
Note that your site’s favicon and iPhone shortcut will be used automatically by the browser if the icons are provided with the correct filename and placed at the root of the site folder; modern browsers don’t require the files to be linked from within HTML code.
I've used full and complete HTML to create this template; during development, HTML5 shortcuts could be used to reduce file size substantially.